Plantae Scientia 2019-03-23T03:04:43+00:00 Dr. Vinod D. Devarkar Open Journal Systems <p>Plantae Scientia is an International, Peer Reviewed, Open Access Research Journal of Botany published bimonthly ie. January, March, May, July, September and November. Journal which publishes genuine research articles as well as review articles, short communications, popular scientific writings, etc. in all areas of plant sciences. Plantae Scientia publishes genuine research outputs in the various research fields of plant sciences viz. Plant Morphology, Plant Taxonomy, Plants Anatomy, &nbsp;Plant Physiology, Palaeobotany, Palynology, Algology, Bryology, Pteridology, Mycology, Plant Pathology, Cytogenetics, Phytogeography, Phytochemistry, Medicinal Plants, Ethnobotany, Pharmacology, Evolutionary Biology, Phylogeny, Molecular genetics, Plant Breeding, Ecology &amp; Environment, Environmental Impact Assessment, &nbsp;Developmental Biology, Cell biology, BiochemiBiologyiophysics, Bioinformatics, etc.&nbsp;Plantae Scientia is archived in the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">LOCKSS</a> initiative. It operates a fully open access publishing model which allows open global access to its published content. This model is supported by Article Processing Charges. For more information on Article Processing charges in general, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Click&nbsp;here</a>.&nbsp;Plantae Scientia is included in many leading abstracting and indexing databases like <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Crossref</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scientific Indexing Services (SIS)</a>, Google Scholar,&nbsp;<a href=";journalId=50057" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Index Copernicus International (ICI)</a>,&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Directory of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI)</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CiteFactor</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">General Impact Factor</a>, <a href=";NAME=Plantae_Scientia" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Journal Factor</a>, etc.</p> Field Study of Gregarious Flowering and Use of ENM in Conservation Strategies for Gigantochloa andamanica (Kurz) Kurz in Andaman Islands (India) 2019-03-22T02:59:59+00:00 Pushpa Kumari Reshma Lakra <p>Gregarious flowering in bamboo species is a periodic event which affects the habitat’s ecology, since the whole population die within same time frame.&nbsp; The phenomenon sets effects on the social economy too as bamboo is one of the most important natural resources people depends on. In this paper gregarious flowering and mass seeding in <em>Gigantochloa andamanica</em> (Kurz) Kurz, an economically important bamboo species of Andaman Islands have been reported with effective conservation strategies to balance the population in natural habitat. This also includes the description, illustration, photo plates of the species for the easy identification, the ENM map based on the GPS data collected for the distribution area and data relevant to traditional and economic uses of the species. This study more importantly shows the application of ENM for the identification of suitable sites for field reintroduction of the seedlings in natural habitats aimed at their better growth and survival.</p> 2019-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Pushpa Kumari Arbuscular Mycorrhizal and endophytic (DSE) association in the dominant grasses of Melghat forest (Phase -I), India 2019-03-22T02:59:19+00:00 P W Deotare S P Khodke R C Maggirwar S K Kharwade <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>Investigations on arbuscular mycorrhizal Fungi (AMF) and dark septate endophytic (DSE) association in some of the dominant grasses from Melghat forest (phase I) of Satpura terrain India, was carried out to examine their existence and symbiotic relationships with the host plants. This forest area was not surveyed earlier by anybody to evaluate the AMF status diversity hence it was decided to survey the buffer and core area. Rhizosphere soil of each sampled grass was analyzed for the AM fungal structures in the roots to study percent root colonization by AMF and AMF spore density in rhizospheric soils of respective samples. The composite soil sample was prepared for each site and used for physicochemical analysis by standard methods. &nbsp;In the first phase of project, forty-eight dominant grass species from twenty-one different sites were collected along with roots and rhizospheric soil to find out AMF and DSE status of grasses. Both type of fungal associations was found in almost all the grass species collected during studies. All of them were found colonized by AMF hyphae along with moderate to poor development of mycorrhizal structures in roots. DSE colonization was also found in maximum forty-three grasses. Physico- chemical characterization of all the soil samples were performed to find out its correlation with AM percent colonization and spore count. Mean AMF percent colonization were in between 1.33 to 52.85 and DSE in with 0.00 to 18.97. Viable AM spore count were in between 0 to 98 per 100g of soil. Altogether four AMF genera with its thirty-nine-different species were isolated and identified.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong>A data base of indigenous AM species richness for Melghat forest has been generated to plan and design the future management practices for grasses establishment and development especially in burnt and over grazed areas.</p> 2019-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 rekha chandrakant maggirwar The Bambusoideae in India: An Updated Enumeration 2019-03-22T02:58:36+00:00 Pushpa Kumari <p>Bamboo a giant, fast-growing, wood like grass appears to be the most successful and diverse conspicuous group of plants belonging to the sub family Bambusoideae of Poaceae. Bamboos have strong adaptability and are distributed widely in varied habitats. They are one of the earth’s oldest and most precious plant materials and have benefited human societies since time immemorial. They form an important group of plants that play a vital role in the economy and life of the people in many Asian, African and American countries. Bamboos play a key role in the rural economy of India. Due to the special physical characteristics attributed to bamboo, it has a glorious past and a promising future as part of the solution to 21<sup>st </sup>century challenges. Globally, bamboo is being targeted for livelihood development and alleviation of both environment and social problems in such a way that it can rightly be called the plant of the century.</p> <p>Taxonomically, bamboos are considered as one of the most difficult group of plants to identify. Despite of immense resources, its importance and species specific uses, taxonomy of Indian Bamboos is still incomplete. Many of the Indian species lack full description and are either partially known or misidentified due to lack of subject expertise. Different workers treat species differently which has resulted into ambiguous report of generic and infrageneric taxa. An updated account of the bamboos found or reported from India is presented here after an extensive taxonomic study of these valuable natural resources of our country.</p> 2019-03-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Pushpa Kumari Scientific History of Some Alien Plants In India: Origin, Implications And Culture 2019-03-22T03:01:30+00:00 Dinkarrao Amrutrao Patil <p>Indian subcontinent has a rich heritage of biodiversity because of its variable geo-climatic conditions. Several exotic plant species survived since ancient period and became an integral part of Indian flora. Nay, they now seem to be iconic plants and are being venerated. They are valued by the Indians for their esteem, culture and welfare. Select 20 exotic&nbsp; notable species are studied from the standpoint of their origin, distribution, culture and ancient Sanskrit literature. Diverse information about them is adduced from architecture, art, archaeological sites, etymology (philology), anthropology, &nbsp;ancient Sanskrit and religious scriptures. Some of them were once thought introduced by western rulers in the then India few centuries ago. This belief can be easily negated based on the present investigation. They appeared to have been brought in India during pre-Columbian period. They also appear to be indicators of Indian contacts with various parts of the Old World and interestingly even New World.</p> 2019-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Dinkarrao Amrutrao Patil Exploration of Orchid Species: First Annual Biodiversity Camp of Neora Valley National Park, Kalimpong, under Gorumara Wildlife Division, West Bengal, India 2019-03-22T03:00:44+00:00 Rajendra Yonzone <p>Present paper deals with available Orchid species resources with field availability status and habitat including phenology during field survey and medicinally important species during First Annual Biodiversity Camp of Neora Valley National Park, under Gorumara Wildlife Division, West Bengal, India.</p> 2019-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Rajendra Yonzone Carbon Sequestration in the Standing Trees at the Amrai Park of Sangli City (Maharashtra – 416 416) 2019-03-22T03:02:12+00:00 Narendra Anant Kulkarni <p>Plants are known to absorb the atmospheric carbon by photosynthesis. This absorbed carbon is stored in various organic forms and helps to produce the biomass. The absorption of the atmospheric carbon is depend on the structure and life form of the plants. Trees dominate this process. Greater and taller is the size of the tree more is the amount of carbon fixed. Hence trees are the major plant forms to absorb maximum atmospheric carbon and biomass production. Thus, the present investigation was carried out to calculate the carbon sequestration of 22 standing tree species in Amrai Park of Sangli city. The biomass and total organic carbon of standing trees is estimated by the non destructive method. The population of <em>Swieteniamahagoni</em>(C) Jacq<em>.</em>is more in the campus and it sequestrates the 77509.25 lbs carbon/year.</p> 2018-11-16T04:50:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Narendra Anant Kulkarni A SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BASKET AND CORDAGE INDUSTRY BY THE TRIBALS AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF INDO-NEPAL SUB HIMALAYAN TERAI REGION OF U.P. INDIA 2019-03-23T03:01:47+00:00 Dr Gopal Dixit Shilpa Vakshasya <p>The present manuscript covers different plants used in traditional cottage industry of rurals. In the present study of 15 plants of 8 Angiospermic families were reported after a number of randomly visits of various remote forest and rural areas of district Pilibhit. Plants parts used for making different articles like baskets, ropes, threads, bags, mats etc.were listed accordingly.</p> 2018-11-16T04:48:01+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 Dr Gopal Dixit, Shilpa Vakshasya Socio-economic studies of Moringa oleifera L. leaf powder added to String Hopper Flour 2019-03-23T03:03:13+00:00 P.V.S. Harshana Asanka Tennakoon Salinda Sandamal Chamika Sonali <p>Recently, <em>Moringa</em> leaves substituted string hopper flour has been introduced to the market with regards to renewed consumer trend of healthy eating. However, the way consumer behaves towards this newly introduced product is questionable and hence it needs to be researched. Therefore, this study is mainly focused on evaluation of the consumer attitudes and acceptance of <em>Moringa</em> added string hopper flour. Study was consisted of a survey to evaluate the consumer attitudes. Moreover, a sensory evaluation was carried out to assess the sensory performance of the particular product. Collected data were mainly analyzed by using&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; SPSS version 16. Interestingly, results showed that potential health benefits of <em>Moringa</em> remained prominent in the acceptance of the product. Further, sensory results showed appreciable sensory performance allowing consumers to purchase the product with sensorial intention. All the respondents (100%) were in satisfactory level regarding the product. Study demonstrates requirement of popularizing and elevating the availability of the product to achieve better market opportunities in order to widening the market Current study confirmed that the product exhibits potential of appreciable commercial acceptance and substantial purchasing capacity.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> 2018-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 P.V.S. Harshana, Asanka Tennakoon, Salinda Sandamal, Chamika Sonali Mycopathological Studies on Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek (Green gram) from Patur, Dist. Akola (MS), India. 2019-03-23T03:02:28+00:00 S T Chavhan M S Darade V D Devarkar <p>Study of fungi infection from infected green gram plant was carried out in present identify. Various fungal pathogens were identified from green gram plants with respect to different localities and varieties at field condition. Selected samples were collected from regions of studied area. Total ten and eleven fungi were identified from two variety of green gram AKM-9911 and AKM-9904 respectively. Green gram (<em>Vigna radiata </em>(L.) Wiczek.) is one of the most widely used pulse crop of India. It is widely cultivated in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. It is cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world including India and was also cultivated in ancient Indian.&nbsp;</p> 2018-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 S T Chavhan, M S Darade, V D Devarkar Eco-geographic variation of common wild rice - Oryza rufipogon Griff. in Sri Lanka 2019-03-23T03:04:43+00:00 S Sandamal A Tennakoon D Ratnasekera DABN Amarasekera B Marambe <p>Wild species of rice (<em>Oryza</em>) have superior agronomic characteristics to be incorporated in rice breeding programs worldwide. &nbsp;Population studies of wild relatives of rice in Sri Lanka has not being well documented despite a few of attempts. In the present study, phenotypic diversity of <em>Oryza rufipogon</em> populations exist in Sri Lanka were characterized based on nine quantitative morphological traits. Populations (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were established in a common-garden and were characterized. The results revealed moderate phenotypic diversity among <em>O. rufipogon </em>populations studied. However, flag leaf length and awn length were the most variable traits while plant height, flag leaf angle, flag leaf panicle neck length and spikelet angle were the least variable traits. <em>O. rufipogon</em> can be simply distinguished using flag leaf length and width, panicle branching type and distance from panicle base to lowest spikelet insertion. The dendrogram results indicated that four main clusters are at a similarity level of 98.73, showing the diversely related populations with a high identity based on higher similarity values. P1 and P2 populations grouped together by forming the first cluster. The second, third and fourth clusters consisted of P3, P5 and P4 populations, respectively. One population from first cluster and P3, P5 and P4 populations can be used for conservation. This study highlights the phenotypic diversity of <em>O. rufipogon </em>populations existing in Sri Lanka across the geographic locations and Knowledge on such morphological diversity provides opportunities to design conservation strategies and the potentials of using particular population based on breeding objectives.</p> <div id="simple-translate-panel">&nbsp;</div> 2018-07-15T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2018 S Sandamal, A Tennakoon, D Ratnasekera, DABN Amarasekera, B Marambe