Plantae Scientia 2019-02-23T09:38:45+00:00 Dr. Vinod D. Devarkar Open Journal Systems <p>Plantae Scientia is an Interantional, Peer Reviewed, Open Access Research Journal of Botany published bimonthly ie. January, March, May, July, September and November.</p> Scientific History of Some Alien Plants In India: Origin, Implications And Culture 2019-02-23T09:38:34+00:00 Dinkarrao Amrutrao Patil <p>Indian subcontinent has a rich heritage of biodiversity because of its variable geo-climatic conditions. Several exotic plant species survived since ancient period and became an integral part of Indian flora. Nay, they now seem to be iconic plants and are being venerated. They are valued by the Indians for their esteem, culture and welfare. Select 20 exotic&nbsp; notable species are studied from the standpoint of their origin, distribution, culture and ancient Sanskrit literature. Diverse information about them is adduced from architecture, art, archaeological sites, etymology (philology), anthropology, &nbsp;ancient Sanskrit and religious scriptures. Some of them were once thought introduced by western rulers in the then India few centuries ago. This belief can be easily negated based on the present investigation. They appeared to have been brought in India during pre-Columbian period. They also appear to be indicators of Indian contacts with various parts of the Old World and interestingly even New World.</p> 2019-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Exploration of Orchid Species: First Annual Biodiversity Camp of Neora Valley National Park, Kalimpong, under Gorumara Wildlife Division, West Bengal, India 2019-02-23T09:38:33+00:00 Rajendra Yonzone <p>Present paper deals with available Orchid species resources with field availability status and habitat including phenology during field survey and medicinally important species during First Annual Biodiversity Camp of Neora Valley National Park, under Gorumara Wildlife Division, West Bengal, India.</p> 2019-01-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Carbon Sequestration in the Standing Trees at the Amrai Park of Sangli City (Maharashtra – 416 416) 2019-02-23T09:38:35+00:00 Narendra Anant Kulkarni <p>Plants are known to absorb the atmospheric carbon by photosynthesis. This absorbed carbon is stored in various organic forms and helps to produce the biomass. The absorption of the atmospheric carbon is depend on the structure and life form of the plants. Trees dominate this process. Greater and taller is the size of the tree more is the amount of carbon fixed. Hence trees are the major plant forms to absorb maximum atmospheric carbon and biomass production. Thus, the present investigation was carried out to calculate the carbon sequestration of 22 standing tree species in Amrai Park of Sangli city. The biomass and total organic carbon of standing trees is estimated by the non destructive method. The population of <em>Swieteniamahagoni</em>(C) Jacq<em>.</em>is more in the campus and it sequestrates the 77509.25 lbs carbon/year.</p> 2018-11-16T04:50:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A SURVEY OF PLANTS USED IN BASKET AND CORDAGE INDUSTRY BY THE TRIBALS AND INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF INDO-NEPAL SUB HIMALAYAN TERAI REGION OF U.P. INDIA 2019-02-23T09:38:36+00:00 Dr Gopal Dixit Shilpa Vakshasya <p>The present manuscript covers different plants used in traditional cottage industry of rurals. In the present study of 15 plants of 8 Angiospermic families were reported after a number of randomly visits of various remote forest and rural areas of district Pilibhit. Plants parts used for making different articles like baskets, ropes, threads, bags, mats etc.were listed accordingly.</p> 2018-11-16T04:48:01+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Socio-economic studies of Moringa oleifera L. leaf powder added to String Hopper Flour 2019-02-23T09:38:38+00:00 P.V.S. Harshana Asanka Tennakoon Salinda Sandamal Chamika Sonali <p>Recently, <em>Moringa</em> leaves substituted string hopper flour has been introduced to the market with regards to renewed consumer trend of healthy eating. However, the way consumer behaves towards this newly introduced product is questionable and hence it needs to be researched. Therefore, this study is mainly focused on evaluation of the consumer attitudes and acceptance of <em>Moringa</em> added string hopper flour. Study was consisted of a survey to evaluate the consumer attitudes. Moreover, a sensory evaluation was carried out to assess the sensory performance of the particular product. Collected data were mainly analyzed by using&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; SPSS version 16. Interestingly, results showed that potential health benefits of <em>Moringa</em> remained prominent in the acceptance of the product. Further, sensory results showed appreciable sensory performance allowing consumers to purchase the product with sensorial intention. All the respondents (100%) were in satisfactory level regarding the product. Study demonstrates requirement of popularizing and elevating the availability of the product to achieve better market opportunities in order to widening the market Current study confirmed that the product exhibits potential of appreciable commercial acceptance and substantial purchasing capacity.</p> <div>&nbsp;</div> 2018-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mycopathological Studies on Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek (Green gram) from Patur, Dist. Akola (MS), India. 2019-02-23T09:38:37+00:00 S T Chavhan M S Darade V D Devarkar <p>Study of fungi infection from infected green gram plant was carried out in present identify. Various fungal pathogens were identified from green gram plants with respect to different localities and varieties at field condition. Selected samples were collected from regions of studied area. Total ten and eleven fungi were identified from two variety of green gram AKM-9911 and AKM-9904 respectively. Green gram (<em>Vigna radiata </em>(L.) Wiczek.) is one of the most widely used pulse crop of India. It is widely cultivated in Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Bihar. It is cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions of the world including India and was also cultivated in ancient Indian.&nbsp;</p> 2018-09-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Eco-geographic variation of common wild rice - Oryza rufipogon Griff. in Sri Lanka 2019-02-23T09:38:40+00:00 S Sandamal A Tennakoon D Ratnasekera DABN Amarasekera B Marambe <p>Wild species of rice (<em>Oryza</em>) have superior agronomic characteristics to be incorporated in rice breeding programs worldwide. &nbsp;Population studies of wild relatives of rice in Sri Lanka has not being well documented despite a few of attempts. In the present study, phenotypic diversity of <em>Oryza rufipogon</em> populations exist in Sri Lanka were characterized based on nine quantitative morphological traits. Populations (P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5) were established in a common-garden and were characterized. The results revealed moderate phenotypic diversity among <em>O. rufipogon </em>populations studied. However, flag leaf length and awn length were the most variable traits while plant height, flag leaf angle, flag leaf panicle neck length and spikelet angle were the least variable traits. <em>O. rufipogon</em> can be simply distinguished using flag leaf length and width, panicle branching type and distance from panicle base to lowest spikelet insertion. The dendrogram results indicated that four main clusters are at a similarity level of 98.73, showing the diversely related populations with a high identity based on higher similarity values. P1 and P2 populations grouped together by forming the first cluster. The second, third and fourth clusters consisted of P3, P5 and P4 populations, respectively. One population from first cluster and P3, P5 and P4 populations can be used for conservation. This study highlights the phenotypic diversity of <em>O. rufipogon </em>populations existing in Sri Lanka across the geographic locations and Knowledge on such morphological diversity provides opportunities to design conservation strategies and the potentials of using particular population based on breeding objectives.</p> <div id="simple-translate-panel">&nbsp;</div> 2018-07-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## A Novel Grafting Technique: Tender Twig Grafting (TTG) in Bougainvillea Comm. ex Juss. 2019-02-23T09:38:39+00:00 V G Nichat <p><em>Bougainvillea</em> Comm. ex Juss. &nbsp;attracted much attention all over the world due to its ornamental, medicinal and commercial importance. In India, many national research institutes has carried out research for development of different varieties. As a result, a large number of new cultivars have been developed in India. Hybridization, chemical mutagens and tissue culture are common methods of propagation and variety development in <em>Bougainvillea</em> but unfortunately, scientist have not paid much attention towards grafting methods for multicolour <em>Bougainvillea</em> flowering on a single plant. The author have working since many years on multicolour <em>Bougainvillea</em> with Tender Twig Grafting (TTG) with more than 75% success rate. This paper dealt with the practical approach and technique used for the development of ornamentally much demanded multicolor flowering of <em>Bougainvillea</em> on single stock.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2018-07-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Inventory for Ethno-vegetable Knowledge of the Tribals from Satpura Hill Area- Melghat, Dist. Amravati (India) 2019-02-23T09:38:45+00:00 V D Devarkar <p>The present inventory carried out Melghat region. While collecting Ethnobotanical information regarding medicinal plants, the valuable information about the vegetable use of plants noted and presented it in this paper. A total of 189 ethnomedicinally important plants Melghat were surveyed using a schedule to assess the knowledge, availability and consumption pattern of wild leafy vegetables. The study revealed 29 ethnovegetable plants of regular use in the food preparation of Korku. The diversity of wild leafy vegetables being used by the local inhabitants is 29 species belonging to 19 genera and 17 families. The majority of ethnovegetable plants were herbs the majority of the ethnovegetable plants used by Korku tribe in the study area were collected raw from the forest as wild and not cultivated ones. The study indicated that the knowledge is to be transferred properly by old people to the younger generation and should be trained in collection and processing of such wild ethnovegetables. The record of 29 ethnovegetable plant species shows that Korku of Melghat is a distinct tribe. Another feature of Korku usage of plants as drugs is that the use of monocots is frequent in their system as compared to other tribes. Here, out of 29 plant species, 08 are from the monocot.</p> 2018-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Baseline Impact Assessment Studies on Flora & Fauna around Goa Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC), Goa Zone 2019-02-23T09:38:44+00:00 V D Devarkar V V Nichat M P Joshi <p>This study projected for environmental impact driven by the pharmaceutical activity on regional biological environment quality. This Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) study based on one season primary environmental quality data, environmental impact statement based on the identification, prediction, and evaluation of impact. Detailed studies were carried out about biological components of the environment in the study area of 7 km radial distance from Usgaon as a central point. The paper is dealing with, Study of the biological environment includes the topography, the vegetation type and the flora and fauna of the region along with crops for prediction of impacts due to the existing pharmaceutical effluents and bulk drugs at Marvasodo, Usgaon, and Phonda (Goa).&nbsp;</p> 2018-05-15T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##